Canadian Citizenship

A candidate can submit an application for Canadian Citizenship if they want to become Canadian citizens. An applicant must fulfil the requirements on the Government of Canada's eligibility list to be eligible for citizenship. If a person satisfies the following criteria, they are able to petition for Canadian citizenship:
  • Holds a status of permanent residency and have lived in Canada for 3 out of the last 5 years (1095 days).
  • Have filed taxes, if applicable.
  • Provided proof of language skills.
  • Passed a citizenship test.
If the candidate is accepted, they must complete all the paperwork in the application package and submit all the relevant materials. On the website of the Canadian government, each applicant's scenario outline determines the application package. The application will be delivered by mail or courier to the case processing centre in Sydney, Nova Scotia after being sure that all forms are correctly completed and signed.

What is the processing time?

Although processing times are only estimates, a citizenship application typically takes 12 months to process. The applicant must make sure that all government fees have been paid and have produced a receipt as proof before filing the citizenship application. Each application will be checked to make sure all the information has been entered accurately and all the necessary paperwork has been submitted. Applicants who get an Acknowledgement of Receipt by letter or email can check the progress of their applications online using the government portal.

Acceptance of Citizenship – Citizenship Ceremony

If a person is 14 years of age or older, they must attend the Canadian Citizenship Ceremony and take the oath when the Government of Canada grants their request for citizenship. Certificates of citizenship for applicants under the age of 14 will be given to their parents, who are invited but not obligated to attend the event. The candidate will be required to take the Oath of Citizenship, complete the Oath or Affirmation of Citizenship form, and sing "O Canada" at the ceremony. The applicant has finished the application procedure and is now legally a Canadian citizen once they are given the citizenship certificate and have taken the Oath of Citizenship. Find out more about Citizenship applications and how it is related to your individual situation.